JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Quantification of the flux of tyrosine pathway metabolites during nitisinone treatment of Alkaptonuria.

Scientific Reports 2019 July 12
Nitisinone decreases homogentisic acid (HGA) in Alkaptonuria (AKU) by inhibiting the tyrosine metabolic pathway in humans. The effect of different daily doses of nitisinone on circulating and 24 h urinary excretion of phenylalanine (PA), tyrosine (TYR), hydroxyphenylpyruvate (HPPA), hydroxyphenyllactate (HPLA) and HGA in patients with AKU was studied over a four week period. Forty AKU patients, randomised into five groups of eight patients, received doses of 1, 2, 4 or 8 mg of nitisinone daily, or no drug (control). Metabolites were analysed by tandem mass spectrometry in 24 h urine and serum samples collected before and after nitisinone. Serum metabolites were corrected for total body water and the sum of 24 hr urine plus total body water metabolites of PA, TYR, HPPA, HPLA and HGA were determined. Body weight and urine urea were used to check on stability of diet and metabolism over the 4 weeks of study. The sum of quantities of urine metabolites (PA, TYR, HPPA, HPLA and HGA) were similar pre- and post-nitisinone. The sum of total body water metabolites were significantly higher post-nitisinone (p < 0.0001) at all doses. Similarly, combined 24 hr urine:total body water ratios for all analytes were significantly higher post-nitisinone, compared with pre-nitisinone baseline for all doses (p = 0.0002 - p < 0.0001). Significantly higher concentrations of metabolites from the tyrosine metabolic pathway were observed in a dose dependant manner following treatment with nitisinone and we speculate that, for the first time, experimental evidence of the metabolite pool that would otherwise be directed towards pigment formation, has been unmasked.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app