Effect of silver diamine fluoride and potassium iodide on bonding to demineralized dentin

Mark Van Duker, Juri Hayashi, Daniel C Chan, Junji Tagami, Alireza Sadr
American Journal of Dentistry 2019, 32 (3): 143-146

PURPOSE: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength (MTBS) of resin composite to demineralized dentin treated with SDF or SDF-KI.

METHODS: Occlusal enamel of 30 caries-free extracted human molars was removed to expose flat dentin surfaces. Specimens were immersed in demineralizing solution (pH 4.5) for 7 days. A standard smear layer was created using 600-grit silicon carbide paper. Specimens were distributed into three groups (n=10). Control: Dentin rinsed with deionized water; SDF: Dentin treated with 38% SDF; and SDF-KI: Dentin treated with SDF and KI. Specimens were bonded with composite using Scotchbond Universal in etch-and-rinse mode. MTBS beams were prepared from each specimen after 24 hours and tested. Data was analyzed by one-way ANOVA with Tukey HSD post-hoc test.

RESULTS: MTBS test results ranged from 0 to 40 MPa. The highest values were obtained in the Control and lowest in SDF-KI, where pre-test failures were frequently observed. One-way ANOVA showed a significant difference among groups (P< 0.005); post-hoc analysis suggested no statistical difference between Control and SDF, but both groups showed higher MTBS compared with SDF-KI.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Silver diamine fluoride can be applied precisely and regionally on demineralized dentin before bonding without compromising the bond strength of a universal adhesive used with phosphoric acid etching. Addition of potassium iodide to reduce discoloration will dramatically weaken the bond.


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