Loss of succinate dehydrogenase B immunohistochemical expression distinguishes pulmonary chondromas from hamartomas

Kyriakos Chatzopoulos, Karen J Fritchie, Marie-Christine Aubry, J Aiden Carney, Andrew L Folpe, Jennifer M Boland
Histopathology 2019, 75 (6): 825-832

AIMS: Pulmonary chondromas, which are rare cartilaginous neoplasms that often arise in the setting of Carney triad, are morphologically similar to pulmonary hamartomas, which are much more common. There is evidence that succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) deficiency drives neoplasia in patients with Carney triad, and SDHB immunohistochemistry can be used as a surrogate marker to detect SDH deficiency. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of SDHB immunohistochemistry in distinguishing pulmonary chondromas from hamartomas.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry for SDHB (clone 21A11AE7) was performed on histological sections from six cases of pulmonary chondroma and 33 cases of pulmonary hamartoma. SDHB expression was retained in all 33 pulmonary hamartomas, and lost in the majority of evaluable chondromas (five of six). Of the five patients with chondromas showing SDHB loss, four had definitive Carney triad. Most patients with pulmonary hamartomas were older males with small solitary masses, whereas chondromas often presented as multiple masses in young females.

CONCLUSION: Loss of SDHB immunohistochemical expression can be useful for differentiating pulmonary chondromas from hamartomas, and potentially identifying patients with Carney triad.

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