Journal Article
Systematic Review
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Ologen implant versus mitomycin-C for trabeculectomy: A meta-analysis.

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of trabeculectomy (Trab) with mitomycin-C (MMC) versus Trab with implant.

METHODS: Studies published in different languages were retrieved by systematically searching Embase, PubMed, Cochrane library, China Biology Medicine disc, and Google Scholar from 1966 to April 2018, as well as manually examining the references of the original articles. The outcome measures of efficacy covered intraocular pressure, glaucoma medications reductions, and success rate. Safety evaluation was measured by relative ratio of complications.

RESULTS: A total of 11 studies involving 443 participants were covered in this meta-analysis. The weighted mean difference (WMD) in the percentage of intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction (IOPR%) comparing Ologen group with MMC group was -3.69 (95% CI: -6.70 to -0.68) at 1 month, -2.69 (-5.17 to -0.21) at 3 months, -3.67 (-6.09 to -1.25)at 6 months, -3.24 (-6.08 to -0.41) at 12 months, 1.24 (-9.43 to 11.90) at 24 months, and 1.10 (-10.11 to 12.31) at 60 months, which showed that there was statistically significant difference at 1,3, 6, and12 months after the surgery. A significantly higher incidence of postsurgery hypotony (0.64 (95% Cl: 0.42 to 0.98)) and suture lysis (0.30 (95% CI: 0.10-0.93)) was observed in MMC group. However, there was no significant difference in the reduction in glaucoma medications, success rate, and incidence of other complications.Trab with 0.2 mg/mL MMC presented higher rates of complete success compared with Trab with 0.4 mg/mL MMC (P = .01).

CONCLUSION: Trab with MMC was associated with a higher IOP-lowering efficacy and a higher incidence of postsurgery hypotony and suture lysis in contrast to that of Trab with Ologen.

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