JOURNAL ARTICLE

WACEM Consensus Paper on Deep Venous Thrombosis after Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

Boris Vladimir Cabrera Nanclares, Huber Said Padilla-Zambrano, Ayman El-Menyar, Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar, Sagar Galwankar, Ranabir Pal, Amrita Ghosh, Amit Agrawal, Mendoza-Flórez Romario
Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock 2019, 12 (2): 150-154
31198284
The risk and outcome of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients who sustained spinal cord injury (SCI) remain a challenge. We aimed to assess the incidence, risk, burden, and prophylaxis of DVT after SCI. Thirty-nine studies were identified from among 250 relevant articles based on firstly, broad criterion of DVT among SCI cases. secondly, "risk factors" impacting DVT, thirdly, published reports from apex bodies of global importance such as World Health Organization, Centre for disease control, Atlanta USA, and others were given due weightage for their authenticity. SCI is characterized by loss of motor, sensory, and autonomic function with partial or total damage of the anatomical structure leading to increased risk of thrombogenesis. SCIs present a higher risk of venous DVT constituting 9.7% of deaths in the 1st year of follow-up. Currently, prophylaxis with mechanical methods, vena cava filters and antithrombotic chemoprophylaxis in SCI are interventions for the management of DVT. DVT in SCI patients is not uncommon and needs a high index of suspicion and implementation of institutional prophylaxis protocol.

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