External Beam, Brachytherapy, or Chemotherapy? Defining Adjuvant Therapy for Early-Stage and High- and High-Intermediate-Risk Endometrial Cancer

Joanne Wei-Un Jang, Larissa Janeen Lee
Journal of Clinical Oncology 2019 July 20, 37 (21): 1778-1784
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice. A 54-year-old postmenopausal female with a history of stroke and carotid endarterectomy presented with 3 weeks of vaginal bleeding with passage of clots. Gynecologic exam revealed a 3-cm barrel-shaped cervix with friability at the os and no appreciable parametrial involvement. Cervical biopsy showed high-grade endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Pelvic magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a 9.9-cm × 4.5-cm × 6.2-cm mass extending from the uterus to the cervix with greater than 50% myometrial invasion (MMI; Fig 1 ). Total laparoscopic hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and pelvic lymphadenectomy revealed International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage II endometrial cancer: a 12-cm grade 3 endometrioid adenocarcinoma with 80% MMI and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) involving the outer half of the cervical stroma ( Fig 1 ), and without pelvic lymph node involvement.

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