JOURNAL ARTICLE

Reduced clearance rate of thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) with increased sialylation: a mechanism for estrogen-induced elevation of serum TBG concentration

K B Ain, Y Mori, S Refetoff
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 1987, 65 (4): 689-96
3116030
Hyperestrogenemic states, including pregnancy, cause an increase in serum T4-binding globulin (TBG) concentrations and an increase in the proportion of TBG molecules with greater anodal mobility on isoelectric focusing, indicating greater sialic acid content. The possible causal relationship between the degree of sialylation and accumulation of TBG in serum was explored by measuring the in vivo half-lives (t1/2) of TBGs with different isoelectric points. TBG in unfractionated serum and its major peaks, isolated by chromatofocusing and defined by their isoelectric points on isoelectric focusing were each injected iv into rats. The resulting TBG concentrations, measured by specific RIA in serum samples obtained at intervals after injection, were used for the calculation of the t1/2. TBG in serum from a pregnant woman had a significantly longer t1/2 of 17.2 +/- 1.2 h (mean +/- SD) compared to those of 13.3 +/- 1.5 and 12.9 +/- 0.9 h for TBG in serum from a man and a nonpregnant woman, respectively. TBG peaks II, III, IV, and V, with increasing anodal mobility, had progressively longer t1/2 values of 11, 13, 15, and 33 h, respectively. However, TBG peaks of the same mobility on IEF isolated from serum of pregnant or nonpregnant subjects had similar t1/2 values. Neither the TBG concentration nor estrogen had a direct effect on the rate of TBG clearance. Indeed, the t1/2 of TBG from a subject with inherited TBG excess was not different from that of TBG from a nonpregnant woman or a man. Chronic treatment of rats with estradiol did not alter the rate of clearance of injected human TBG. Finally, the more heavily sialylated anodal bands of purified but unfractionated serum TBG, analyzed by Western blots, survived longer in the circulation of a rat. These results indicate that the rate of in vivo metabolism of TBG is dependent on its sialic acid content. The increased proportion of TBG molecules with higher sialic acid content thus contributes to the increase in the serum TBG concentration in hyperestrogenemic states.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
3116030
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"