Read by QxMD icon Read

Comparing intranasal ketamine with intravenous fentanyl in reducing pain in patients with renal colic: A double-blind randomized clinical trial

Javad Mozafari, Mohammadreza Maleki Verki, Hassan Motamed, Alireza Sabouhi, Fatemeh Tirandaz
American Journal of Emergency Medicine 2019 May 26

BACKGROUND: Kidney stones are a fairly common problem that manifests itself as symptoms of acute abdominal and flank pains in patients presenting to emergency departments.

OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to compare the analgesic effect of intravenous fentanyl with that of intranasal ketamine in renal colic patients.

METHODS: One mg/kg of intranasal ketamine was administered in the first group, and one μg/kg of intravenous fentanyl in the second group. The pain severity was measured in the patients in terms of a visual analogue scale (VAS) score at the beginning of the study and at minutes 5, 15 and 30, and the medication side-effects were evaluated and recorded.

RESULTS: A total of 130 patients were ultimately assessed in two groups of 65. In the ketamine group, the mean severity of pain was 8.72 ± 1.52 at the beginning of the study (P < 0.001), 5.5 ± 2.97 at minute 5 (P < 0.001), 3.38 ± 3.35 at minute 15 (P = 0.004) and 2.53 ± 3.41 at minute 30 (P = 0.449). In the fentanyl group, this severity was 9.66 ± 88.8 in the beginning of the study (P < 0.001), 7.27 ± 1.37 at minute 5 (P < 0.001), 4.61 ± 1.5 at minute 15 (P = 0.004) and 1.24 ± 1.25 at minute 30 (P = 0.449). The general prevalence of the medication side-effects was 10 (15.4%) in the ketamine group and 1 (1.5%) in the fentanyl group (P = 0.009).

CONCLUSIONS: Ketamine was found to be less effective than fentanyl in controlling renal colic-induced pain, and to be associated with a higher prevalence of side-effects; nevertheless, ketamine can be effective in controlling this pain in conjunction with other medications.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"