JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Molecular-Based Treatment Strategies for Osteoporosis: A Literature Review

Yuichiro Ukon, Takahiro Makino, Joe Kodama, Hiroyuki Tsukazaki, Daisuke Tateiwa, Hideki Yoshikawa, Takashi Kaito
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2019 May 24, 20 (10)
31137666
Osteoporosis is an unavoidable public health problem in an aging or aged society. Anti-resorptive agents (calcitonin, estrogen, and selective estrogen-receptor modulators, bisphosphonates, anti-receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand antibody along with calcium and vitamin D supplementations) and anabolic agents (parathyroid hormone and related peptide analogs, sclerostin inhibitors) have major roles in current treatment regimens and are used alone or in combination based on the pathological condition. Recent advancements in the molecular understanding of bone metabolism and in bioengineering will open the door to future treatment paradigms for osteoporosis, including antibody agents, stem cells, and gene therapies. This review provides an overview of the molecular mechanisms, clinical evidence, and potential adverse effects of drugs that are currently used or under development for the treatment of osteoporosis to aid clinicians in deciding how to select the best treatment option.

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