Space available for trans-sacral implants to treat fractures of the pelvis assessed by virtual implant positioning

Daniel Wagner, Lukas Kamer, Takeshi Sawaguchi, Hansrudi Noser, Masafumi Uesugi, Andreas Baranowski, Dominik Gruszka, Pol M Rommens
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 2019 May 21

INTRODUCTION: The use of trans-sacral implants to treat fractures of the sacrum is limited by the variable pelvic anatomy. We were interested in how many trans-sacral implants can be placed per pelvis? If a trans-sacral implant cannot be placed in S1, where is the cortex perforated, and is the use of sacroiliac screws safe in these pelves?

MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3D pelvic models were created from CT scans of 156 individuals without fractures (92 European and 64 Japanese, 79 male and 77 female, mean age 66.7 ± 13.7 years). Trans-sacral implants with a diameter of 7.3 mm were positioned virtually with and without a surrounding safe zone of 12 mm diameter.

RESULTS: Fifty-one percent of pelves accommodated trans-sacral implants in S1 with a safe zone. Twenty-two percent did not offer enough space in S1 for an implant even when ignoring the safe zone. Every pelvis had sufficient space for a trans-sacral implant in S2, in 78% including a safe zone as well. In S1, implant perforation was observed in the sacral ala and iliac fossa in 69%, isolated iliac fossa perforation in 23% and perforation of the sacral ala in 8%. Bilateral sacroiliac screw placement was always possible in S1.

CONCLUSIONS: The use of trans-sacral implants in S1 requires meticulous preoperative planning to avoid injury of neurovascular structures. S2 more consistently offers space for trans-sacral implants.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"