[Anthropometric measurements of general and central obesity and discriminative capacity on cardiovascular risk: RICARTO study]

A Segura-Fragoso, L Rodríguez-Padial, F J Alonso-Moreno, A Villarín-Castro, G A Rojas-Martelo, G C Rodríguez-Roca, M Sánchez-Pérez
Semergen 2019 May 16

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obese patients have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and general mortality. It is not clear which obesity index should be used in the clinic. The objective is to compare the relationship between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHR), and conicity index (Conicity-I) with 10-year Framingham cardiovascular risk (CVR).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population cross-sectional study in subjects ≥18years, residents in the Toledo (Spain) Health Area. Selection by random sampling. Measurements were made of the BMI, WC, and weight to height ratio with standardised methods. Framingham CVR. Calculation of AUC, and optimal cut-off points.

RESULTS: The study included 1,309 subjects, with mean age of 48.9±15.8years, and 55% women. The response rate was 36.6%. In women, the index that was best associated with CVR in women was the WC with an AUC=0.85 (95%CI: 0.81-0.88). In men it was the I-Conicity, with an AUC=0.81 (95%CI: 0.77-0.84). Cut points for BMI were similar in women (27.08kg/m2 ) and men (26.99kg/m2 ). The WC was lower in women (87.75cm) than in men (94.5cm). The WHR was higher in women (0.59) than in men (0.56). The I-Conicity was slightly lower in women (1.25) than in men (1.28). In women, all the ROC curves were closest to each other.

CONCLUSIONS: The central obesity indexes (WC and WHR) discriminated better than the BMI the CVR. In women, all the indices had greater AUCs than in men, except for the I-Conicity.

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