Sjögren's-like syndrome in a dog

Rina Nabeta, Naoki Kambe, Yuki Nakagawa, Shiori Chiba, Hou Xiantao, Tetsuya Furuya, Miori Kishimoto, Tsuyoshi Uchide
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 2019 June 21, 81 (6): 886-889
A neutered male Golden Retriever was referred with a 2-week history of dry mouth. Multiple and bilateral enlargement of the lacrimal and salivary glands showing heterogeneous internal enhancement was identified on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). Ultrasonographic examination detected multifocal hypoechoic areas within the swollen submandibular salivary glands, which were histopathologically diagnosed as lymphoplasmacytic sialoadenitis. As both imaging and histopathological findings were in accordance with those in human Sjögren's syndrome, a provisional diagnosis of Sjögren's-like syndrome was made. Immunosuppressive drugs promptly improved clinical signs concurrently with the abnormal sonographic findings, indicating the feasibility of ultrasonography in monitoring therapeutic outcomes. Herein, we discuss a proposed criteria set for diagnosis of Sjögren's-like syndrome in veterinary medicine.

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