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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Surgical site infections: Guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice

Lilian M Abbo, Paolo Antonio Grossi
Clinical Transplantation 2019 May 11, : e13589
31077619
These guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Community of Practice of the American Society of Transplantation review the diagnosis, prevention, and management of post-operative surgical site infections (SSIs) in solid organ transplantation. SSIs are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in SOT recipients. Depending on the organ transplanted, SSIs occur in 3%-53% of patients, with the highest rates observed in small bowel/multivisceral, liver, and pancreas transplant recipients. These infections are classified by increasing invasiveness as superficial incisional, deep incisional, or organ/space SSIs. The spectrum of organisms implicated in SSIs in SOT recipients is more diverse than the general population due to other important factors such as the underlying end-stage organ failure, immunosuppression, prolonged hospitalizations, organ transportation/preservation, and previous exposures to antibiotics in donors and recipients that could predispose to infections with multidrug-resistant organisms. In this guideline, we describe the epidemiology, clinical presentation, differential diagnosis, potential pathogens, and management. We also provide recommendations for the selection, dosing, and duration of peri-operative antibiotic prophylaxis to minimize post-operative SSIs.

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