MiR-423-5p inhibition alleviates cardiomyocyte apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction caused by hypoxia/reoxygenation through activation of the wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway via targeting MYBL2

Xin Zhu, Xiaolan Lu
Journal of Cellular Physiology 2019 May 9
MicroRNA (miR) plays an integral role in cardiovascular diseases. M-iR-423-5p is aberrantly expressed in patients with myocardial infarction and heart failure. The aim of the present study was to study the roles and mechanisms of miR-423-5p in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) mediated cardiomyocytes injury. H9C2 cells were transfected with negative control, miR-423-5p mimic, and inhibitor for 48 hr, followed by exposed to H/R condition. Cell apoptosis rate, caspase 3/7 activities, Bax and cleaved-caspase 3 (c-caspase 3) protein levels were assayed by flow cytometry, Caspase-Glo 3/7 Assay kit, western blot analysis, respectively. Furthermore, the mitochondrial membrane potential, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and Drp1 expression were also investigated. Furthermore, the dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to evaluate the relationship between miR-423-5p and Myb-related protein B (MYBL2). The roles of miR-423-5p in wnt/β-catenin were assessed by western blot analysis. The results revealed that H/R triggered miR-423-5p expression. Overexpression of miR-423-5p promoted cardiomyocyte apoptosis, enhanced the activities of caspase 3/7, upregulated the expression of Bax and c-caspase 3. miR-423-5p upregulation caused the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and the reduction of ATP content, the augment of ROS production and Drp1 expression. However, the opposite trends were observed upon suppression of miR-423-5p. In addition, miR-423-5p could target the 3' untranslated region of MYBL2. miR-423-5p depletion led to the activation of the wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway via targeting MYBL2. Knockdown of MYBL2 was obviously reversed the roles of miR-423-5p in apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction. Taken together, miR-423-5p suppression reduced H/R-induced cardiomyocytes injury through activation of the wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway via targeting MYBL2 in cardiomyocytes.

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