Open retropubic radical prostatectomy has been the "gold standard" treatment for locally confined prostate cancer (PCa) but in recent years minimal invasive techniques as laparoscopy and robot-assisted prostatectomy have become widely available. The trifecta of the surgical treatment of PCa is cancer control, the preservation of continence, and erectile potency. Over the years the complication rates of radical prostatectomy have become very limited with improved cancer control and better functional results. We review the indications and the surgical technique of radical prostatectomy, be it open or laparoscopic, eventually robot-assisted as well as the pre- and postoperative measures and the surgery-related consequences.
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