Incontinence after Prostate Treatment: AUA/SUFU Guideline

Jaspreet S Sandhu, Benjamin Breyer, Craig Comiter, James A Eastham, Christopher Gomez, Daniel J Kirages, Chris Kittle, Alvaro Lucioni, Victor W Nitti, John T Stoffel, O Lenaine Westney, M Hassan Murad, Kurt McCammon
Journal of Urology 2019, 202 (2): 369-378

PURPOSE: Urinary incontinence after prostate treatment (IPT) is one of the few urologic diseases that is iatrogenic, and, therefore, predictable and perhaps preventable. Evaluation of the incontinent patient, risk factors for IPT, the assessment of the patient prior to intervention, and a stepwise approach to management are covered in this guideline. Algorithms for patient evaluation, surgical management, and device failure are also provided.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This guideline was developed using a systematic review from the Mayo Clinic Evidence Based Practice Center with additional supplementation by the authors. A research librarian conducted searches from 2000 to December 21st , 2017 using Ovid, MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Databases of Systematic Reviews. Additional references through 12/31/2018 were identified.

RESULTS: This guideline was developed by a multi-disciplinary panel to inform clinicians on the proper assessment of patients with IPT and the safe and effective management of the condition in both surgical and non-surgical contexts. Statements guiding the clinician on proper management of device failure are also included.

CONCLUSION: Most patients who undergo radical prostatectomy (RP), and some patients who undergo radiation therapy (RT) or surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), will experience IPT. Although non-surgical options, such as pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME), can hasten continence recovery, patients who remain incontinent at one-year post-procedure, or have severe incontinence at six months, may elect to undergo surgical treatment (e.g. artificial urinary sphincter). Prior to IPT surgery, the risks, benefits, alternatives, and additional likely procedures should be discussed with the patient.


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