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JOURNAL ARTICLE

The long noncoding RNA Lnczc3h7a promotes a TRIM25-mediated RIG-I antiviral innate immune response

Hongyu Lin, Minghong Jiang, Lun Liu, Zongheng Yang, Zhongfei Ma, Shuo Liu, Yuanwu Ma, Lianfeng Zhang, Xuetao Cao
Nature Immunology 2019 April 29
31036902
The helicase RIG-I initiates an antiviral immune response after recognition of pathogenic RNA. TRIM25, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, mediates K63-linked ubiquitination of RIG-I, which is crucial for RIG-I downstream signaling and the antiviral innate immune response. The components and mode of the RIG-I-initiated innate signaling remain to be fully understood. Here we identify a novel long noncoding RNA (Lnczc3h7a) that binds to TRIM25 and promotes RIG-I-mediated antiviral innate immune responses. Depletion of Lnczc3h7a impairs RIG-I signaling and the antiviral innate response to RNA viruses in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, Lnczc3h7a binds to both TRIM25 and activated RIG-I, serving as a molecular scaffold for stabilization of the RIG-I-TRIM25 complex at the early stage of viral infection. Lnczc3h7a facilitates TRIM25-mediated K63-linked ubiquitination of RIG-I and thus promotes downstream signaling transduction. Our findings reveal that host RNAs can enhance the response of innate immune sensors to foreign RNAs, ensuring effective antiviral defense.

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