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JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Undiagnosing to prevent overprescribing

Amy Page, Christopher Etherton-Beer
Maturitas 2019, 123: 67-72
31027680
Health care focuses on controlling symptoms and managing risk factors to improve survival by avoiding future complications. Diagnoses describe a group of signs and symptoms, often implying specific aetiologies and underlying pathophysiological disease processes. The diagnosis provides a tool for the health professional to conceptualise and classify a presentation, and thus manage the condition, and can provide the patient with an explanation or validation of their experience. Not every diagnosis holds significant clinical implications. There are diagnosed conditions that do not require treatment and, moreover, where treatment has the potential for harm without the potential for benefit. Promoting investigations and diagnoses can lead to overdiagnosis related to vested interests in increased services, use of devices or therapeutics. Multiple factors drive this issue, including broadening disease definitions and cultural factors that encourage tests and treatments, as well as medicolegal factors. While the traditional medicine review process typically involved cross-referencing medicines used with current diagnoses, a more sophisticated version of this process critically reviews the medicines and associated diagnosis, giving less emphasis to diagnoses that are no longer relevant. Known as undiagnosis, this process facilitates the withdrawal of corresponding medicines used to manage those conditions. Systematically reviewing diagnoses regularly and the associated medicine management strategies could reduce prescribing. The novel ERASE process can help clinicians Evaluate diagnoses to consider Resolved conditions, Ageing normally and Selecting appropriate targets to Eliminate unnecessary diagnoses and their corresponding medicines.

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