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Tailored education enhances healthy behaviour self-efficacy in childhood cancer survivors: A randomised controlled study with a 4-month follow-up

Li-Min Wu, Chin-Mi Chen, Hsin-Tien Hsu, Yi Liu, Hsiu-Lan Su
European Journal of Cancer Care 2019 April 24, : e13063
This study was to evaluate the acceptability and effectiveness of a tailored education on healthy behaviour self-efficacy (HBSE) and health promotion lifestyle (HPL) for childhood cancer survivors. A two-group, randomised study with repeated measures was conducted in Taiwan. Participants were randomly assigned to receive six 45-60 min individual education and follow-up telephone counselling sessions (n = 34) or standard of care only (n = 35). Each participant was assessed with HBSE and HPL questionnaires and was evaluated at three time points (at baseline, and then 1 and 4 months after intervention). The attrition rate was 7.2%. HBSE and HPL scores increased across the three time points in the experimental group (all p < 0.05), except for the HBSE exercise subscale (p = 0.85). HBSE scores were significantly higher for the experimental group than for the control group after 4 months of intervention (F = 5.32, p = 0.02, η2  = 0.25). No significant improvements in HBSE were observed over time in the control group. The intervention was acceptable and effective in promoting HBSE in childhood cancer survivors. Further empirical work is needed to reveal the effects of the intervention over a longer period of time and to improve patient engagement in exercise.


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