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JOURNAL ARTICLE

The prevalence and related factors associated with psychosocial distress among 420 hospitalised lung cancer patients in China: A case study

Hui Tan, Sijuan Chen, Elizabeth Ercolano, Mark Lazenby, Marianne Davies, Jianhua Chen, Ruth McCorkle
European Journal of Cancer Care 2019 April 24, : e13046
31016811
Previous studies have reported high prevalence of psychosocial distress among lung cancer patients in Western countries, but the prevalence of distress in Chinese patients is not established. The study objectives were to report the prevalence of and factors associated with psychosocial distress in a sample of hospitalised patients in China and to implement distress screening in one thoracic specialty department. In this cross-sectional study, adult patients completed a self-reported demographic and clinical questionnaire and the distress thermometer with the problem list. Distress was dichotomised (high vs. low) and compared. Regression analyses were used to determine which variables were associated with psychosocial distress. One hundred eighty-six of 420 patients (38.6%) reported distress ≥4/10. They were unemployed, had New Rural Cooperative Medical System (NRCMS) insurance and Stage IV cancer. NRCMS insurance contributed to the likelihood of high distress and worry. Patients reported significant psychosocial distress during hospitalisation related to practical, emotional and physical problems. In this case study, staff reported they screened consecutive patients but there were no available referrals after discharge. We concluded it may be premature to screen patients for distress prior to instituting resources to establish services. To do otherwise is premature in ensuring patients' relief.

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