MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Osteopontin-derived synthetic peptide SVVYGLR has potent utility in the functional regeneration of oral and maxillofacial skeletal muscles

Susumu Tanaka, Yutaka Matsushita, Yoshinosuke Hamada, Naomasa Kawaguchi, Takasuke Usuki, Yuhki Yokoyama, Tadataka Tsuji, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Mikihiko Kogo
Peptides 2019 April 17
31004688
Oral and maxillofacial skeletal muscles are critical for oral motor functions, and severe damage to these muscles by trauma or surgery may lead to persistent functional impairment. This study investigated the effects of SVVYGLR (SV) peptide, a thrombin-cleaved osteopontin-derived motif, on histopathological wound healing and functional repair after severe injury of skeletal muscles. A rat model of volumetric muscle loss bilateral masseter muscle was developed. A single dose of SV-peptide or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) was separately injected into the injured muscle belly. Histopathological and functional analyses were performed 1-8 weeks after the treatment. Behavioral analysis during free-feeding revealed that the feeding rate markedly increased in the SV-peptide group, in contrast, the PBS group showed fewer changes after the injury. Electromyogram recordings from injured muscles demonstrated amplification of rectified burst activity over time accompanied by increased maximal amplitude and duration in the SV-peptide group, in contrast, the PBS group showed moderate changes. A lissajous figure for bilateral masseter muscle activities also revealed superior functional recovery by the SV-peptide treatment. The SV-peptide also facilitated regeneration of muscles composed of matured myofibers with a greater diameter compared to the PBS group. In addition, granulation in the earlier period and fibrosis in the later period of wound healing were significantly inhibited by the SV-peptide treatment but not by the PBS treatment. Therefore, local application of the SV-peptide could help facilitate regeneration of muscles, inhibition of fibrosis, and improvement of functional impairment of oral and maxillofacial skeletal muscles damaged by severe trauma or surgery.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
31004688
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"