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JOURNAL ARTICLE

The use of mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of progressive retinal diseases: a review

Agnieszka Borkowska-Kuczkowska, Dominika Sługocka, Beata Świątkowska-Flis, Dariusz Boruczkowski
Regenerative Medicine 2019, 14 (4): 321-329
30977436
Some ocular diseases, such as dystrophies, retinal and macular degeneration, optic nerve atrophy, and Stargardt disease, are progressive and irreversible. In this review, we focus on the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the treatment of these diseases. In animal studies, MSC transplantation significantly delayed retinal degeneration, led to the regeneration of cone cells, and supported the survival of retinal ganglion cells and axon regeneration. In clinical practice, patients with Behcet's disease with retinal vasculitis who received MSC injections experienced a decrease in retinal vasculitis but no improvement in vision acuity. Nonetheless, there is no evidence that MSCs are carcinogenic, and they even reduce the size of tumors in vitro . Furthermore, MSCs do not trigger the immune response.

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