Association between varicose veins anatomical pattern and procedural complications following endovascular laser photothermolysis for chronic venous insufficiency

C Molnar, D Opincariu, T Benedek, M Toma, C Nicolescu
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas 2019 April 8, 52 (4): e8330
We sought to assess clinical characteristics and pattern of collateral network involvement associated with development of truncal (systematized) versus diffuse/non-truncal (non-systematized) varicose veins (VVs) in patients undergoing endovascular laser photothermolysis for chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). Secondly, we aimed to assess whether the type of VVs influenced the procedural complications of endovascular laser therapy. A total of 508 patients with hydrostatic VVs of the lower limbs who underwent endovenous laser treatment were included, out of which 84.1% (n=427) had truncal VVs (group 1) and 15.9% (n=81) had diffuse (non-systematized) VVs (group 2). Patients with truncal varices were significantly older (47.50±12.80 vs 43.15±11.75 years, P=0.004) and those with associated connective tissue disorders were more prone to present diffuse VVs (P=0.004). Patients in group 1 presented a significantly higher number of Cockett 1 (P=0.0017), Cockett 2 (P=0.0137), Sherman (P<0.0001), and Hunter (P=0.0011) perforator veins compared to group 2, who presented a higher incidence of Kosinski perforators (P<0.0001). There were no significant differences regarding postoperative complications: thrombophlebitis (P=0.773), local inflammation (P=0.471), pain (P=0.243), paresthesia (P=1.000), or burning sensation (P=0.632). Patients with more advanced CEAP (clinical, etiologic, anatomic, pathophysiologic) classes were older (P<0.0001), more were males (39.05 vs 27.77%, P=0.0084), more were prone to present ulcers (P<0.0001) and local hyperthermia (P=0.019), and presented for endovenous phlebectomy after a longer time from symptom onset. In patients with CVI, systematized VVs were associated with a more severe clinical status and a distinct anatomical pattern of perforators network compared to non-systematized VVs, which is more common in advanced stages.

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