JOURNAL ARTICLE

Baroreflex sensitivity in frailty syndrome

M S S Buto, A M Catai, V Vassimon-Barroso, M O Gois, A Porta, A C M Takahashi
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 2019 April 8, 52 (4): e8079
30970083
Frailty is related to a decrease in the physiological reserves, which causes difficulties in maintaining homeostasis. An example of physiological mechanisms for cardiovascular homeostasis is the baroreflex. The aim of this study was to compare baroreflex among frail, prefrail, and nonfrail individuals, in supine and orthostatic positions. Community-dwelling older adults were evaluated and categorized into frail, prefrail, or nonfrail groups, according to frailty phenotype. The RR interval (RRi) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) series were recorded for 15 min in the supine and 15 min in the orthostatic positions. Mean and variance of RRi and SBP, and baroreflex evaluated by phase, gain (α), and coherence (K2) were determined. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA, with Tukey's post hoc, was applied for group, position, and their interaction effects. The significance level established was 5%. Prefrail and frail participants did not present a significant decrease in mean values of RRi after postural challenge (893.43 to 834.20 ms and 925.99 to 857.98 ms, respectively). Frail participants showed a reduction in RRi variance in supine to orthostatic (852.04 to 232.37 ms2). Prefrail and frail participants showed a decrease in K2 after postural change (0.69 to 0.52 and 0.54 to 0.34, respectively). Frail participants exhibited lower values of K2 (0.34) compared to nonfrail and prefrail participants (0.61 and 0.52, respectively). Baroreflex indicated the presence of decoupling between heart period and SBP in frail and prefrail. Thus, reduced K2 might be a marker of the frailty process.

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