OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparative analysis of Naja kaouthia venom from North-East India and Bangladesh and its cross reactivity with Indian polyvalent antivenoms

Archana Deka, Md Abu Reza, Kazi Md Faisal Hoque, Kamalakshi Deka, Sougata Saha, Robin Doley
Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology 2019, 164: 31-43
30953661
Naja kaouthia is one of the most prevalent medically important snakes of North East India and Bangladesh responsible for most of the bite cases. In this study, an attempt was made to decipher venom variation of Naja kaouthia venom from North East India and Bangladesh. Using multidimensional methods including reverse phase HPLC, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (1D-PAGE) and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE), the quantitative differences in venom composition have been revealed. Moreover, tested in-vitro biochemical and biological activities also exhibited differences which could be due to venom variability. Furthermore, neutralization efficacy of commercially available Indian polyvalent antivenoms (Vins, Bharat Serum, Haffkine) was evaluated and the results displayed significant differences in neutralizing efficacy between the antivenoms. Immunoblotting experiments showed antivenom molecules cross reacted with high molecular mass components while poorly reacted towards low molecular mass proteins. Immuno-depletion study demonstrated that Vins polyvalent antivenom was poor in immunocapturing the venom proteins of both North East Indian and Bangladesh origin Naja kaouthia at the ratio of 1:16 (venom: antivenom).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
30953661
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"