Analysis of the factors involved in procedural failure: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography using a short-type single-balloon enteroscope for patients with surgically altered gastrointestinal anatomy

Yuki Tanisaka, Shomei Ryozawa, Masafumi Mizuide, Maiko Harada, Akashi Fujita, Tomoya Ogawa, Kouichi Nonaka, Tomoaki Tashima, Ryuichiro Araki
Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society 2019, 31 (6): 682-689

AIM: To analyze factors involved in procedural failure and to discuss responses to procedural failure by using the outcomes of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) carried out using a short-type single-balloon enteroscope (short SBE) in patients with surgically altered gastrointestinal anatomy.

METHODS: The study sample included patients who underwent ERCP-related procedures using a short SBE between September 2011 and September 2018 at our hospital. Outcomes, including procedural success rate, were studied retrospectively to analyze the factors involved in procedural failure.

RESULTS: Analysis included 191 procedures carried out in 121 patients. Procedural success rate was 85.9% with an adverse event rate of 8.4%. Causes of procedural failure included malignant biliary obstruction (odds ratio [OR] 2.89, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.19-7.25, P = 0.02), first ERCP attempt (OR: 5.32, 95% CI: 1.30-36.30, P = 0.02), and Roux-en-Y reconstruction (OR: 0.08, 95% CI: 0.004-0.39, P < 0.001). With regard to the response to failure, in cases of malignant biliary obstruction, reattempted short SBE-assisted ERCP was difficult because of invasion of the small intestine or papilla. A large number of these cases required alternative treatment (10 of 15 cases, 66.7%) using percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) or endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD).

CONCLUSION: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography using a short SBE is safe and effective, with malignant biliary obstruction being a specific cause of failure. Technical proficiency with different modalities, such as PTBD and EUS-BD, is necessary to respond to failure in these cases.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"