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Design and Development of Bioinspired Calcium phosphate nanoparticles of MTX: Pharmacodynamic and Pharmacokinetic evaluation

Shweta Pandey, Asiya Mahtab, Vijay Kumar, Farhan Jalees Ahmad, Anita Kamra Verma, Sushama Talegaonkar
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy 2019 April 1, : 1-38
The aim of this investigation is the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by developing methotrexate loaded calcium phosphate nanoparticles (MTX-CAP-NP) and to evaluate pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic behaviour in adjuvant induced arthritis model. The nanoparticles were synthesized by wet precipitation method and optimized by Box-Behnken experimental design. MTX-CAP-NPs were characterized by TEM, FTIR, DSC and XRD studies. The particle size, zeta potential and entrapment efficiency of the optimized nanoparticles were found to be 204.90 ± 64 nm, -11.58 ± 4.80 mV and 88.33 ± 3.74% respectively. TEM, FTIR, DSC and XRD studies revealed that the developed nanoparticles were nearly spherical in shape and the crystalline structure of CAP-NP was not changed after MTX loading. The pharmacokinetic studies revealed that MTX-CAP-NP enhanced bioavailability of MTX by 2.6 fold when compared to marketed formulation (FOLITRAX-10). Under pharmacodynamic evaluation, arthritic assessment, radiography and histopathology studies revealed that CAP has ability to regenerate cartilage and bone therefore, together with MTX, MTX-CAP-NPs have shown significant reduction in disease progression. The overall work demonstrated that the developed nanodelivery system was well tolerated and more effective than the marketed formulation.


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