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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Critical applications of Mucor circinelloides within a biorefinery context

Cristiano E Rodrigues Reis, Heitor B S Bento, Ana K F Carvalho, Aravindan Rajendran, Bo Hu, Heizir F De Castro
Critical Reviews in Biotechnology 2019 March 31, : 1-16
30931637
The establishment of an efficient and feasible biorefinery model depends on, among other factors, particularly the selection of the most appropriate microorganism. Mucor circinelloides is a dimorphic fungus species able to produce a wide variety of hydrolytic enzymes, lipids prone to biodiesel production, carotenoids, ethanol, and biomass with significant nutritional value. M. circinelloides also has been selected as a model species for genetic modification by being the first filamentous oleaginous species to have its genome fully characterized, as well as being a species characterized as a potential bioremediation agent. Considering the potential of replacing several nonrenewable feedstocks is widely dependent on fossil fuels, the exploitation of microbial processes and products is a desirable solution for promoting a green and sustainable future. Here, we introduce and thoroughly describe the recent and critical applications of this remarkable fungus within the context of developing a fungal-based biorefinery.

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