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Bovine scavenger receptor class A (SR-A) exhibit specific patterns of regulation in the endometrium during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy

A Vitorino Carvalho, C Eozenou, C Richard, N Forde, G D Healey, C Giraud-Delville, N Mansouri-Attia, P Lonergan, I M Sheldon, O Sandra
Reproduction, Fertility, and Development 2019 March 29
In mammals, tight regulation of maternal endometrial function is critical for pregnancy success. In bovine species, endometrial expression of members of the scavenger receptor class A (SR-A) has been listed in high-throughput analyses, but very little is known about the involvement of these immune factors during implantation in mammals. To provide first insights into the contribution of SR-A to endometrial physiology, we analysed the expression and regulation of all members of SR-A (SR-A1, SR-A3-SR-A6) during the oestrous cycle and early pregnancy in cattle. Levels of SR-A1 were increased on Day 20 of pregnancy, whereas SR-A3 levels were increased on Day 13 of the oestrous cycle and of the pregnancy. Although SR-A4 levels were reduced on Day 20 of the oestrous cycle, they remained high in pregnant animals. SR-A5 levels increased by Day 13 of the oestrous cycle and decreased on Day 20, but remained high in pregnant animals. Interferon-τ does not affect SR-A gene expression, whereas progesterone regulates the expression of the SR-A3 and SR-A5 transcripts. Endometrial SR-A3 appeared significantly higher in cows carrying invitro-produced embryos than in AI cows. Our data suggest that members of the SR-A family are involved in endometrial remodelling and regulation of endometrial gland physiology, both processes being critical for implantation in mammals.


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