Clinical outcome and factors determining new bone formation in lateral sinus membrane elevation with simultaneous implant placement without grafting material: A cross-sectional, 3-17 year follow-up study

Sofia Lundgren, Anders S Johansson, Giovanni Cricchio, Stefan Lundgren
Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research 2019, 21 (5): 827-834

BACKGROUND: Lateral sinus membrane elevation with simultaneous implant placement without grafting material (graft-less LSFE) is a widely investigated method for bone augmentation of the maxillary sinus floor. Long-term follow-up studies are rare.

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the long-term effects of implants placed with graft-less LSFE.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group was comprised of 111 patients previously treated with graft-less LSFE. The first follow-up visit, which occurred after a mean of 5 years after surgery, included a clinical examination, cone beam computerized tomography, and panorama or intraoral radiography. The second follow-up included panorama or intraoral radiography, and it was conducted after a mean of 8 years.

RESULTS: Overall, 218 implants were placed in 127 sinuses. Nine of the 218 implants failed resulting in an overall implant survival of 95.9%. The average bone gain at the follow-up was 4.0 ±2.0 mm.

CONCLUSION: The implant-supported rehabilitation achieved using graft-less LSFE was stable over time, and there was no or little impact on sinus health. Furthermore, it was concluded that the new bone formation and the amount of bone gain is proportional to the length of the implant protruding into the sinus cavity.

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