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Electrophoretic bottom up design of chitosan patches for topical drug delivery

Arash Ghalayani Esfahani, Lina Altomare, Elena M Varoni, Serena Bertoldi, Silvia Farè, Luigi De Nardo
Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine 2019 March 27, 30 (4): 40
Clobetasol propionate (CP) is a high-potency corticosteroid, representing the standard of care for the symptomatic treatment of different skin disorders as well as oral mucosal diseases. Several topical delivery systems are available for treating oral lesions, but the ideal one is still lacking. In this work, we propose a novel class of chitosan (CS) patches, loaded with CP, for the topical treatment of inflammatory chronic oral diseases. Chitosan patches have been fabricated via electrophoretic deposition (EPD), by using a one-pot approach in order to load controlled quantity of CP. Optimized structures showed a water uptake in the range of 200-360% and mechanical properties that allow the design of flexible patches in wet state (E = 0.6 MPa and σbr  = 0.55 MPa). Ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy was used for the evaluation of both loading and release profile of CP in CS patches. The CP loading has been tuned by adjusting CP concentration in deposition bath-in the range 0.002-0.12 mg cm-2 -while releasing curves show an in vitro CP burst of about 80% in the first two hours. Overall, the obtained properties paved the way for the application of this new class of patches for the local oral release of CP.


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