Trends of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality rates from 2003 to 2014 in Italy

Manuel Zorzi, Luigino Dal Maso, Silvia Francisci, Carlotta Buzzoni, Massimo Rugge, Stefano Guzzinati
Tumori 2019 March 27, : 300891619838336

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the trends of colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality rates from 2003 to 2014 in Italy by age groups and regions.

METHODS: We used the data of 48 cancer registries from 17 Italian regions to estimate standardized incidence and mortality rates overall and by sex, age groups (<50, 50-69, 70+ years), and geographic area (northwest, northeast, center, south, and islands). Time trends were expressed as annual percent change in rates (APC) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).

RESULTS: Incidence rates decreased from 104.3 (2003) to 89.9 × 100,000 (2014) in men and from 64.3 to 58.4 × 100,000 in women. Among men, incidence decreased during 2007-2010 (APC -4.0, 95% CI -6.0 to -1.9) and 2010-2014 (APC -0.7, 95% CI -1.4 to 0.0), while in women it linearly decreased during the whole period (APC -1.1, 95% CI -1.4 to -0.8). Mortality rates showed a linear reduction both in men (APC -0.7, 95% CI -1.0 to -0.3) and women (APC -0.9, 95% CI -1.2 to -0.6) and decreased respectively from 41.1 to 39.2 × 100,000 and from 24.6 to 23.1 × 100,000. In the 50- to 69-year-old range (screening target age), incidence showed a prescreening increase, followed by a peak after screening started, and a decline thereafter. Incidence and mortality rates significantly decreased in all areas but in the south and islands, where incidence increased and mortality remained stable.

CONCLUSIONS: A renewed commitment by all regional health systems to invest in primary (i.e., lifestyle) and secondary (i.e., screening programs) prevention is of utmost importance.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"