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Modified-FOLFIRINOX combined with deep regional hyperthermia in pancreatic cancer: a retrospective study in Chinese patients

Meng He, Jinghua Sun, Danyi Zhao, Hongmei He, Bing Wang, Lingling Xu, Yu Shang, Shanling Ren, Yang Zhang, Tao Wu
International Journal of Hyperthermia 2019 March 27, : 1-9

BACKGROUND: FOLFIRINOX chemotherapy displays significant survival improvements in patients with pancreatic cancer. However, toxicities have hampered enthusiasm for the use of FOLFIRINOX in full dose. In order to increase the tolerability, many researchers focused on the modification of FOLFIRINOX. On the other hand, hyperthermia (HT) has been considered as an effective ancillary treatment for cancer therapy. Up to now, there is no report evaluating combining deep regional hyperthermia (DRHT) with modified-FOLFIRINOX for pancreatic cancer patients.

METHODS: In this study, we conducted a retrospective review of pancreatic cancer patients treated with the combination of new form modified-FOLFIRINOX and DRHT (BSD2000). Patients underwent chemotherapy that included low-dose irinotecan (70-130 mg/m2 ), oxaliplatin (65-70 mg/m2 ) on day 1 and 5-FU (2400 mg/m2 as a 46 h continuous infusion, no bolus) or capecitabine (CAP) (1000 mg/m2 twice daily on days 1-10) or tegafur, gimeracil and oteracil potassium (TS-1) (80-120 mg/d twice daily on days 1-10), 2-week schedule. Generally, DRHT treatment was performed weekly, 45 min for each time during chemotherapy.

RESULTS: The patients receiving mFOLFIRINOX as the first line chemotherapy combining with DRHT, obtained an improvement in OS and PFS, 17 months (95% CI 1.97-32.03 months) and 4 months (95% CI 0-8.29 months) respectively. Overall, this combination regimen was safe; 17.6% patients suffered from grade 3/4 toxicities.

CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, we conducted a retrospective study combining mFOLFIRINOX and DRHT, which was well tolerated. The efficacy in the treatment of pancreatic cancer was encouraging, but further studies would be required to prove its merit, compared with conventional treatment.


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