Relationship between depression and risk behaviors in a US Military population with HIV infection

Brandon Carney, James White, Xiaohe Xu, Thankam Sunil, Colton Daniels, Morgan Byrne, Anuradha Ganesan, Robert Deiss, Grace Macalino, Brian K Agan, Jason F Okulicz
AIDS Care 2019 March 27, : 1-5
This study evaluated the relationships between depression trajectories, depression diagnosis and sexual risk behaviors in the US Military HIV Natural History Study. Risk behavior survey data, a coded diagnosis of depression, available Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression measures, and self-reported depressive symptoms (n = 662) were utilized. Latent class analysis created 3 classes of depression trajectories, namely, low depression (LD, n = 378), recent-onset depression (ROD, n = 170), and high depression (HD, n = 114) trajectories. Overall, participants with clinically diagnosed depression were less likely to report often using condoms with new sexual partners in the past 3 months than those who have never been diagnosed with depression (OR 0.15, 95% CI 0.49-2.53). Participants with ROD (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.28-0.97) and HD (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.24-0.96) trajectories were less likely to report often using condoms with new sexual partners in the past 3 months than those with LD trajectories. Moreover, those with either ROD (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.19-3.80) or HD (OR 2.74, 95% CI 1.43-5.24) trajectories were more likely to have had sex with ≥2 new sexual partners in the last 3 months than those with LD trajectories. Continued efforts targeting HIV-infected persons with mental health disorders are warranted to reduce sexual risk behaviors.

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