Three-year results of a polycarbonate urethane acetabular bearing in total hip arthroplasty

Stefan Lazic, Catherine Kellett, Irrum Afzal, Rajan Mohan, Vijay Killampalli, Richard E Field
Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy 2019 March 26, : 1120700019836426

BACKGROUND: Polycarbonate urethane (PCU) is a bearing surface with a lower modulus of elasticity than polyethylene or ceramic and is thought to more closely replicate the tribology of native hyaline cartilage. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical outcomes with the use of PCU in elective total hip arthroplasty (THA).

METHODS: We carried out a prospective observational study in which 157 patients underwent elective THA with a metal-on-PCU hip system. Patients had radiographic follow-up at 6 months and 3 years after surgery. Oxford Hip Scores and EuroQol scores were obtained annually and Harris Hip Scores were obtained at 6 months and 3 years after surgery.

RESULTS: 180 hips were implanted, of which, 149 hips reached 3-year review with no revisions. There was an increase in Harris Hip Scores, Oxford Hip Scores and EuroQol scores ( p < 0.001). 12 patients (12 hips) reported painless hip squeaking. There were no dislocations and no other adverse events were reported.

CONCLUSION: Our results showed satisfactory survivorship and improvements in patient reported outcomes with metal on PCU THA. Long-term data are still being collected to confirm these findings. We recommend further tribological research into the squeaking phenomenon we observed.

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