Read by QxMD icon Read

Healthcare provider compassion is associated with lower PTSD symptoms among patients with life-threatening medical emergencies: a prospective cohort study

Jeena Moss, Michael B Roberts, Lisa Shea, Christopher W Jones, Hope Kilgannon, Donald E Edmondson, Stephen Trzeciak, Brian W Roberts
Intensive Care Medicine 2019, 45 (6): 815-822

PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that, during a life-threatening medical emergency, patient perception of healthcare provider (HCP) compassion is associated with the subsequent development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.

METHODS: Prospective cohort study in the emergency department (ED) of an urban academic medical center. We included adult patients presenting with a life-threatening medical emergency, defined as respiratory or cardiovascular instability requiring a potentially life-sustaining intervention in the ED. We measured patient perception of HCP compassion in the ED using the Consultation and Relational Empathy (CARE) measure, a validated 40-point scale. Blinded to clinical outcomes (including the CARE measure), we assessed PTSD symptoms 1 month post-discharge using the PTSD Checklist for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5.

RESULTS: Of the 99/113 (88%) patients who completed follow-up, 25% (95% CI 17-35%) had PTSD symptoms at 1 month. In a multivariable model adjusting for potential confounders (e.g. severity of illness score in ED, need for intensive care unit admission, ED overcrowding, and family member emotional support in the ED), patient perception of greater HCP compassion in the ED was independently associated with lower PTSD symptoms at 1 month [odds ratio 0.93 (95% CI 0.89-0.98)]. A one-point increase in the CARE measure was associated with a 7% decrease in the odds of developing PTSD symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS: PTSD symptoms are common among ED patients with life-threatening medical emergencies. Patient perception of greater HCP compassion during the emergency is independently associated with lower risk of developing PTSD symptoms.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"