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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Usefulness of the Liverpool Adverse Events Profile for predicting a high risk of suicidality in people with drug-resistant epilepsy

Oh-Young Kwon, Sung-Pa Park
Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association 2019 March 19, 67: 65-70
30909164

PURPOSE: Suicidality including suicidal ideation and attempt has been a critical issue in people with epilepsy, especially in people with drug-resistant epilepsy (PWDRE). Clinicians commonly ask about adverse effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) using something like the Liverpool Adverse Events Profile (LAEP) at epilepsy clinics, but suicide is usually not of interest. A high risk of suicidality can increase mortality by committing suicide in PWDRE. This study aimed to investigate whether clinicians can discern a high risk of suicidality in PWDRE by referring to the LAEP.

METHODS: We recruited PWDRE, aged from 19 to 68. They completed the 21-item LAEP, the suicidality module of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and the Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy (NDDI-E). Through receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, we tested the usefulness of LAEP to detect a high risk of suicide. By this, we determined each cutoff point of the total LAEP score and the number of severe LAEP items, for detecting the risk.

RESULTS: A hundred forty-four PWDRE participated in this study. Among them, 36 PWDRE (25.0%) had a high risk of suicidality. Either >45 of the total LAEP score or >8 of the number of severe LAEP items was a suggested optimal cutoff point for discerning the high risk of suicidality. LAEP had a correlation with the suicidality item of the NDDI-E.

CONCLUSION: The LAEP may inform a high risk of suicidality in PWDRE. Referring to this, clinicians can discern suicidal problems in their epilepsy clinics.

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