JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy

Laurent Puy, Charlotte Cordonnier
Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement 2019 March 1, 17 (1): 73-82
30907371
Sporadic cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is a small vessel disease caused by vascular deposits of Aß-amyloid peptides in the walls of cortical and leptomeningeal vessels. Advancing age is the strongest known clinical risk factor for developing CAA. This devastating disease occurs frequently in elderly people, and is a frequent cause of symptomatic lobar intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), cognitive impairment and transient focal neurological episodes. Typical cerebral MRI findings include lobar intracerebral hemorrhages and neuroimaging biomarkers of CAA (lobar cerebral microbleeds, cortical superficial siderosis, white matter hyperintensities, dilated perivascular spaces and microinfarcts). In the absence of direct neuropathological examination, the most commonly used criteria for CAA diagnosis are the modified Boston criteria based on clinical and MRI data. To date, no specific treatment is available to prevent bleeding or cognitive decline. Thus, management is mainly based on strict blood pressure control. Anticoagulation should usually be avoided in patients with a diagnosis of CAA and symptomatic lobar ICH. The risk/benefit ratio evaluation at individual level of antiplatelet agents is also required.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
30907371
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"