Challenges to diagnostic standardization of Barrett's esophagus in Asia

Yu Sen Alex Soh, Yeong Yeh Lee, Takuji Gotoda, Prateek Sharma, Khek-Yu Ho
Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society 2019, 31 (6): 609-618
Barrett's esophagus (BE), a premalignant condition of the lower esophagus, is increasingly prevalent in Asia. However, endoscopic and histopathological criteria vary widely between studies across Asia, making it challenging to assess comparability between geographical regions. Furthermore, guidelines from various societies worldwide provide differing viewpoints and definitions, leading to diagnostic challenges that affect prognostication of the condition. In this review, the authors discuss the controversies surrounding the diagnosis of BE, particularly in Asia. Differences between guidelines worldwide are summarized with further discussion regarding various classifications of BE used, different definitions of gastroesophageal junction used across geographical regions and the clinical implications of intestinal metaplasia in the setting of BE. Although many guidelines recommend the Seattle protocol as the preferred approach regarding dysplasia surveillance in BE, some limitations exist, leading to poor adherence. Newer technologies, such as acetic acid-enhanced magnification endoscopy, narrow band imaging, Raman spectroscopy, molecular approaches and the use of artificial intelligence appear promising in addressing these problems, but further studies are required before implementation into routine clinical practice. The Asian Barrett's Consortium also outlines its ongoing plans to tackle the challenge of standardizing the diagnosis of BE in Asia.

Full Text Links

We have located open access full text paper links.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"