MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

The effect of harmaline on seizures induced by amygdala kindling in rats

Azam Alenajaf, Ehsan Mohebi, Ali Moghimi, Masoud Fereidooni, Mohammad Mohammad-Zadeh
Neurological Research 2019 March 19, : 1-8
30890034

OBJECTIVE: Harmaline and other beta-carbolines act as an inverse agonist for GABA-A receptors and cause central nervous system stimulation and anxiety; thus, it may act hypothetically as a potential seizure augmenter. To examine the hypothesis, the effect of harmaline during the seizures induced by amygdala kindling is investigated here.

METHODS: Seven groups of male rats were kindled by daily electrical stimulation of the amygdala. After being kindled, Groups I-III, respectively, received 5, 15 and 50 mg/kg harmaline through intraperitoneal injection. The rats in Groups IV and V received vehicle daily (1 ml/kg) and harmaline (5 mg/kg) daily through intraperitoneal injection. Groups VI and VII received artificial cerebrospinal fluid and harmaline (50 mM) through intraventricular injection, respectively.

RESULTS: In addition to significant increase of some seizure parameters in the fully kindled groups, harmaline significantly increased cumulative afterdischarge duration (P < 0.05) and decreased stage 1 latency (P < 0.01) in the acquisition groups (Groups V and VII). In Group VII, seizure duration showed a significant increase (P < 0.01) while stage 1 latency and stage 4 latency decreased significantly (P < 0.01).

DISCUSSION: According to the results, it is suggested that harmaline may increase neuronal activity and the production of high-frequency action potentials by stimulating NMDA receptors and inhibiting GABA receptors. Overall, drugs and plants containing harmaline may be harmful to epileptic-susceptible people during some traditionally and costume treatments, so these should be avoided.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
30890034
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"