Read by QxMD icon Read

Clinical value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors

Tao Jiang, Yuchen Bai, Fei Zhou, Wei Li, Guanghui Gao, Chunxia Su, Shengxiang Ren, Xiaoxia Chen, Caicun Zhou
Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2019, 130: 76-83

INTRODUCTION: There is unmet need to explore the predictive biomarkers of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we aimed to investigate the predictive and prognostic value of blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in NSCLC patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors.

METHODS: We performed a comprehensive online search to explore the association between blood NLR and overall survival (OS) or progression-free survival (PFS) in NSCLC patients received PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. Published data including hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were eligible. Pooled estimates of treatment outcomes were calculated using Stata/MP 14.1.

RESULTS: 1700 patients from sixteen studies were included. The pooled results suggested that high blood NLR was correlated with significantly shorter OS (HR = 2.07, P < 0.001) and PFS (HR = 1.59, P < 0.001). The predictive and prognostic significance of blood NLR were observed consistently across most subgroups including publication year, study design, research region, PD-L1 expression detection, sample size, NLR cutoff, median follow-up time and study quality score. Additionally, there was a significant correlation between elevated NLR cutoff values and OS benefit (r = 0.585, P =  0.036) but not for PFS benefit (r = 0.198, P =  0.496). Notably, HRs of PFS showed significant correlation with HRs of OS (r = 0.686, P =  0.041).

CONCLUSION: Elevated blood NLR was associated with shorter PFS and OS in NSCLC patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors, suggesting its potential predictive and prognostic value in this clinical scenario.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"