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Solubility advantage of sulfanilamide and sulfacetamide in natural deep eutectic systems: experimental and theoretical investigations

Tomasz Jeliński, Maciej Przybyłek, Piotr Cysewski
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy 2019 March 18, : 1-30

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the possibility of using natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES) as solvation media for enhancement of solubility of sulfonamides, as well as gaining some thermodynamic characteristics of the analyzed systems.

SIGNIFICANCE: Low solubility of many active pharmaceutical ingredients is a well-recognized difficulty in pharmaceutical industry, hence the need for different strategies addressing this problem. Among such strategies, those that are environmentally and economically beneficial are of particular interest.

METHODS: The solubility of sulfanilamide and sulfacetamide in 21 different NADES compositions comprising choline chloride with sugars or sugar alcohols was measured spectrophotometrically. Thermodynamic parameters describing the studied systems were determined using the COSMO-RS computational protocol.

RESULTS: All of the considered NADES compositions gave an increase in solubility of the studied sulfonamides, with the highest solubilities obtained for the system comprising choline chloride and glycerol in unimolar proportions, which gave a solubility advantage of 83.7 and 73.8 for sulfanilamide and sulfacetamide, respectively. Theoretical studies indicated that the dissolution of both considered sulfonamides has a low endothermic character, with the lowest enthalpy values obtained for the most optimal, i.e. unimolar, proportions. The non-monotonous trend of enthalpy of dissolution was also discussed in terms of intermolecular interactions.

CONCLUSIONS: The obtained results show the feasibility of using NADES as solubility enhancers for sulfonamides and encourage for further exploration in this field.


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