Active contour algorithm with discriminant analysis for delineating tumors in positron emission tomography

Albert Comelli, Alessandro Stefano, Samuel Bignardi, Giorgio Russo, Maria Gabriella Sabini, Massimo Ippolito, Stefano Barone, Anthony Yezzi
Artificial Intelligence in Medicine 2019, 94: 67-78
In the context of cancer delineation using positron emission tomography datasets, we present an innovative approach which purpose is to tackle the real-time, three-dimensional segmentation task in a full, or at least nearly full automatized way. The approach comprises a preliminary initialization phase where the user highlights a region of interest around the cancer on just one slice of the tomographic dataset. The algorithm takes care of identifying an optimal and user-independent region of interest around the anomalous tissue and located on the slice containing the highest standardized uptake value so to start the successive segmentation task. The three-dimensional volume is then reconstructed using a slice-by-slice marching approach until a suitable automatic stop condition is met. On each slice, the segmentation is performed using an enhanced local active contour based on the minimization of a novel energy functional which combines the information provided by a machine learning component, the discriminant analysis in the present study. As a result, the whole algorithm is almost completely automatic and the output segmentation is independent from the input provided by the user. Phantom experiments comprising spheres and zeolites, and clinical cases comprising various body districts (lung, brain, and head and neck), and two different radio-tracers (18 F-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose, and 11C-labeled Methionine) were used to assess the algorithm performances. Phantom experiments with spheres and with zeolites showed a dice similarity coefficient above 90% and 80%, respectively. Clinical cases showed high agreement with the gold standard (R2  = 0.98). These results indicate that the proposed method can be efficiently applied in the clinical routine with potential benefit for the treatment response assessment, and targeting in radiotherapy.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"