Genetic causes of surfactant protein abnormalities

Lawrence M Nogee
Current Opinion in Pediatrics 2019 March 6

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Mutations in genes encoding proteins critical for the production and function of pulmonary surfactant cause diffuse lung disease. Timely recognition and diagnosis of affected individuals is important for proper counseling concerning prognosis and recurrence risk.

RECENT FINDINGS: Involved genes include those encoding for surfactant proteins A, B, and C, member A3 of the ATP-binding cassette family, and for thyroid transcription factor 1. Clinical presentations overlap and range from severe and rapidly fatal neonatal lung disease to development of pulmonary fibrosis well into adult life. The inheritance patterns, course, and prognosis differ depending upon the gene involved, and in some cases the specific mutation. Treatment options are currently limited, with lung transplantation an option for patients with end-stage pulmonary fibrosis. Additional genetic disorders with overlapping pulmonary phenotypes are being identified through newer methods, although these disorders often involve other organ systems.

SUMMARY: Genetic disorders of surfactant production are rare but associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis can be made invasively through clinically available genetic testing. Improved treatment options are needed and better understanding of the molecular pathophysiology may provide insights into treatments for other lung disorders causing fibrosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"