MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

"Likely overassistance" during invasive pressure support ventilation in patients in the intensive care unit: a multicentre prospective observational study

Wisam Al-Bassam, Fabian Dade, Michael Bailey, Glenn Eastwood, Eduardo Osawa, Chris Eyeington, James Anesty, George Yi, Jolene Ralph, Nima Kakho, Vishnu Kurup, Elisa Licari, Emma C King, Cameron Knott, Timothy Chimunda, Julie Smith, Ashwin Subramaniam, Mallikarjuna Reddy, Cameron Green, Geoffrey Parkin, Yahya Shehabi, Rinaldo Bellomo
Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine 2019, 21 (1): 18-24
30857508

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of "likely overassistance" (categorised by respiratory rate [RR] ≤ 17 breaths/min or rapid shallow breathing index [RSBI] ≤ 37 breaths/min/L) during invasive pressure support ventilation (PSV), and the additional prevalence of fixed ventilator settings.

DESIGN: Multicentre prospective observational study of invasive PSV practice in six general Victorian intensive care units with blinding of staff members to data collection.

PATIENTS: At each hospital, investigators collected data between 11 am and 2 pm on all invasive PSV-treated patients on 60 sequential days, excluding weekends and public holidays, between 22 February and 30 August 2017. Each patient was included for maximum of 3 days.

MAIN RESULTS: We studied 231 patients, with a total of 379 observations episodes over the study period. There were 131 patients (56.7%) with at least one episode of RR ≤ 17 breaths/min; 146 patients (63.2%) with at least one episode of RSBI ≤ 37 breaths/min/L, and 85 patients (36.8%) with at least one episode of combined RR ≤ 17 breaths/min and RSBI ≤ 37 breaths/min/L. Moreover, the total number of observations with "likely overassistance" (RR ≤ 17 or RSBI ≤ 37 breaths/min/L) was 178 (47%) and 204 (53.8%), respectively; while for both combined criteria, it was 154 (40.6%). We also found that 10 cmH2 O pressure support was delivered on 210 of the observations (55.4%) and adjusted in less than 25% of observations. Finally, less than half (179 observations) of all PSV-delivered tidal volumes (VT ) were at the recommended value of 6-8 mL/kg predicted body weight (PBW) and more than 20% (79 observations) were at ≥ 10 mL/kg PBW.

CONCLUSION: In a cohort of Victorian hospitals in Australia, during invasive PSV, "likely overassistance" was common, and the pressure support level was delivered in a standardised and unadjusted manner at 10 cmH2 O, resulting in the frequent delivery of potentially injurious VT .

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
30857508
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"