Ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation versus surgical resection for recurrent intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: intermediate-term results

Chuanjun Xu, Lei Li, Wei Xu, Chao Du, Lixin Yang, Jinlong Tong, Yongxiang Yi
International Journal of Hyperthermia 2019, 36 (1): 351-358

OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to compare the clinical outcomes between ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (US-PMWA) and surgical resection (SR) in patients with recurrent intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and to identify the prognostic factors associated with the two treatment methods.

METHODS: This retrospective study was institutional review board approved. A total of 121 patients (102 men and 19 women) with 136 ICCs after hepatectomy from April 2011 to January 2017 were reviewed. Fifty-six patients underwent US-PMWA and 65 patients underwent SR. Survival, recurrence and liver function were compared between the two groups. Effect of changes in key parameters [i.e., overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS)] was statistically analyzed with the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed on clinicopathological variables to identify factors affecting long-term outcome.

RESULTS: The OS and RFS after MWA were comparable to that of SR (p = .405, and p = .589, respectively). Estimated 5-year OS rates were 23.7% after MWA and 21.8% after SR; for RFS, estimated 3-year RFS rates were 33.1% after MWA and 30.6% after SR. Major complication rates in SR group were higher than that in MWA (p < .001) (SR, 13.8% vs. MWA, 5.3%). Multivariate analysis showed tumor number (p = .012), ALBI grade (p = .007), and metastasis (p = .016), may become OS rate predictors.

CONCLUSIONS: US-PMWA had comparable oncologic outcomes with SR and could be a safe and effective treatment for recurrent ICC after hepatectomy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"