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Characteristics of chitosan-modified glass ionomer cement and their effects on the adhesion and proliferation of human gingival fibroblasts: an in vitro study

Jia Zhou, Quanchen Xu, Chun Fan, Hao Ren, Shuo Xu, Fang Hu, Lei Wang, Kai Yang, Qiuxia Ji
Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine 2019 March 6, 30 (3): 39
This study explores the possibility of adhering gingival tissue to a root surface that was restored with chitosan (CS)-modified glass ionomer cement (GIC) in the case of gingival recessions associated with root caries, which provides a theoretical basis for clinical application at the cellular level. The specimens were mixed after integrating 1, 2, and 4 wt% CS into the GIC fluid. The characteristics and cytocompatibility were then examined. As more CS was incorporated into the GIC fluid, the mechanical properties and cytocompatibility of chitosan-modified glass ionomer cement (CS-GIC) first improved but then reduced. Under scanning electron microscopy, microcracks were observed on the surface of all materials, but the fewest microcracks were observed on the surface of 2 wt% CS-GIC. The compressive strength of 2 wt% CS-GIC was significantly higher than that of the other groups at 5 days (P < 0.05) and the addition of chitosan didn't change the basic fracture mode of materials. Additionally, the integration 2 wt% CS into GIC can obviously reduce acidity of the original GIC (P < 0.01) when using extracts with concentrations of 100 and 50%. The Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and adhesion and proliferation of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) on the surface of the materials indicated that 2 wt% CS-GIC presented better cytocompatibility and was more suitable for the growth of HGFs. In summary, 2 wt% CS-GIC could be considered as a potential root filling material to allow the adhesion and growth of gingival tissue.


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