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Bone defect healing is induced by collagen sponge/polyglycolic acid

Shirin Toosi, Hojjat Naderi-Meshkin, Fatemeh Kalalinia, Hossein HosseinKhani, Asieh Heirani-Tabasi, Shahrzad Havakhah, Sirous Nekooei, Amir Hossein Jafarian, Fahimeh Rezaie, Mohammad Taghi Peivandi, Hooman Mesgarani, Javad Behravan
Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine 2019 March 6, 30 (3): 33
We have evaluated the capability of a collagen/poly glycolic acid (PGA) scaffold in regeneration of a calvarial bone defects in rabbits. 4 bone critical size defects (CSD) were created in the calvarial bone of each rabbit. The following 4 treatment modalities were tested (1) a collagen/PGA scaffold (0.52% w/w); (2) the collagen/PGA scaffold (0.52% w/w) seeded with adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs, 1 × 106 cells per each defect); (3) AD-MSCs (1 × 106 cells) no scaffold material, and (4) blank control. The rabbits were then divided into 3 random groups (of 5) and the treatment outcomes were evaluated at 4, 8 and 12 weeks. New bone formation was histologically assessed. Experimental groups were analyzed by CT scan and real-time PCR. Histological analysis of bone defects treated with collagen/PGA alone exhibited significant fibrous connective tissue formation at the 12 weeks of treatments (P ≤ 0.05). There was no significant difference between collagen/PGA alone and collagen/PGA + AD-MSCs groups. The results were confirmed by CT scan data showing healing percentages of 34.20% for the collage/PGA group alone as compared to the control group and no difference with collagen/PGA containing AD-MSCs (1 × 106 cells). RT-PCR analysis also indicated no significant differences between collagen/PGA and collagen/PGA + AD-MSC groups, although both scaffold containing groups significantly express ALP and SIO rather than groups without scaffolds. Although there was no significant difference between the scaffolds containing cells with non-cellular scaffolds, our results indicated that the Collagen/PGA scaffold itself had a significant effect on wound healing as compared to the control group. Therefore, the collagen/PGA scaffold seems to be a promising candidate for research in bone regeneration.


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