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Roles of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 activation and cleavage in induction of multi-oocyte ovarian follicles in the mouse by 3-nitropropionic acid

Quanwei Wei, Guoyun Wu, Jun Xing, Dagan Mao, Reinhold J Hutz, Fangxiong Shi
Reproduction, Fertility, and Development 2019 March 6
3-nitropropionic acid (3-NPA) is known to be a mitochondrial toxin produced by plants and fungi, which may produce DNA damage in cells. However, studies of its reproductive toxicology are lacking. We know that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) plays an important role in a large variety of physiological processes and is involved in DNA repair pathways. The present study was therefore aimed at exploring the involvement of PARP-1 activation and cleavage after 3-NPA stimulation in female mice. We observed an increased number of atretic follicles and multi-oocyte follicles (MOFs) after treatment with 3-NPA and serum concentrations of 17β-oestradiol and progesterone were significantly reduced. Our results provide evidence that PARP-1 cleavage and activational signals are involved in pathological ovarian processes stimulated by 3-NPA. In addition, total superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and catalase activities were significantly increased, whereas succinate dehydrogenase was decreased in a dose-dependent manner. Results from our in vitro study similarly indicated that 3-NPA inhibited the proliferation of mouse granulosa cells and increased apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. In summary, 3-NPA induces granulosa cell apoptosis, follicle atresia and MOFs in the ovaries of female mice and causes oxidative stress so as to disrupt endogenous hormonal systems, possibly acting through PARP-1 signalling.


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