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First Report of the Necrotic Strain of Potato virus Y (PVY N ) on Potatoes in the Northwestern United States

J M Crosslin, P B Hamm, K C Eastwell, R E Thornton, C R Brown, D Corsini, P J Shiel, P H Berger
Plant Disease 2002, 86 (10): 1177
More than 50 isolates of Potato virus Y (PVY) with characteristics of strains that cause tobacco veinal necrosis (PVYN ) were obtained from potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) grown in the northwestern United States. These isolates are being characterized at the biological and molecular levels. Isolate RR1 was obtained from leaves of potato cv. Ranger Russet showing distinct mottling and leaf deformity, which is in contrast to the leaf-drop and necrosis usually observed with ordinary strains of PVY (PVYO ) in this variety. Isolate AL1 was obtained from tubers of potato cv. Alturas showing distinct internal light brown rings and blotches. When RR1 and AL1 were transmitted to tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L. cvs. Samsun NN and 423), they caused systemic veinal necrosis, including stem and petiole lesions typical of PVYN strains (2). Symptoms induced by RR1 and AL1 on tobacco appeared 9 to 11 days after inoculation, whereas some other isolates caused delayed veinal necrosis. All isolates that produced veinal necrosis on tobacco were detectable with PVY polyclonal antisera. Potato virus X was not detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in tobacco plants showing veinal necrosis. Some isolates, including AL1, failed to react in serological tests using PVYN -specific monoclonal antibodies obtained from three commercial sources. Other isolates, including RR1, were detectable with these monoclonal antibodies. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) products obtained with primers specific for the coat protein (CP) open reading frame (ORF) were cloned and sequenced. AL1 possesses a CP more closely related to PVYO type isolates, which would account for its failure to react with PVYN monoclonal antibodies. In this regard, AL1 is similar to the PVYN -Wilga isolate (1). Other isolates that are detectable with the PVYN monoclonal antibodies possess a CP more consistent with N strains of the virus. Results of RT-PCR tests using primers derived from the P1 ORF sequence (3), and the restriction enzyme analysis and sequencing of the RT-PCR products, all suggest that AL1 and RR1 are related to European-type members of PVY tuber necrotic (NTN) or N strains. However, other isolates under investigation appear to be more closely related to previously reported North American NTN types (3). The symptomatology of these viruses on tobacco and potato, and the serological and molecular data clearly show that at least two distinct variants of PVYN have been found for the first time in a major potato production area of the United States, and pose a potential threat to the potato industry. References: (1) B. Blanco-Urgoiti et al. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 104:811, 1998. (2) J. A. de Bokx and H. Huttinga. Potato virus Y. Descriptions of Plant Viruses. No. 242, CMI/AAB, Surrey, England, 1981. (3) R. P. Singh et al. Can J. Plant Pathol. 20:227, 1998.


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